DIY : It’s time to identify the common masonry issues. Call your chimney sweep

A chimney is the mandatory part of your house. Your house is clean, free of polluted air and dirt because of the chimney. But, many times we hear the horrific news of house fire.

Again, sometimes we suffer from respiratory illness or skin and eye irritations. These things can happen due to broken or blocked chimneys.

It doesn’t matter if your problems are rare or frequent.

As per our survey, we have highlighted some of the common flaws of masonry chimneys:

Leaks in the chimney:

Moisture is the primary culprit. It causes havoc problem. It makes the joints crack and crumble, discolor the bricks and let the mold grow.

The solution:

Crown work

Repointing

The chimney crowns divert rainwater, hail, and sleet from the masonry. The crowns are extremely functional. They look beautiful too.

Call a chimney inspector to check whether there is a crack on the crown.

Spalling:

The brickwork usually gets cracked or worn and break into fragments due to ice, rain, wind, freeze, snow, heat and defrost. When the bricks start showing flaking and crackling, spalling occurs.

The masonry chimneys can worsen to the point when it needs complete replacement with a new one.

Identify and repair your spalled brickwork as soon as possible. You need a professional assessment first. It has been seen that the main reason for spalling is the water intrusion that damages the mortar, bricks and the chimney linings.

Solutions:

Install a chimney cap.

Fix a top mounted damper.

Apply a customized waterproof sealant.

If you luckily find the spalling in the early stage, you may need to repair a few bricks and it will cost low.

Displacement:

It is a structural problem that has taken place from poor anchors for the lateral support, erosion of the steel support and the freezing action. The masonry shifts due to it causing leakage, spalling and cracks. Displacement often ends up in whole chimney rebuild.

Call a certified chimney sweep and consult with him/her in the time of construction. Schedule regular chimney inspections.

Repointing:

The process follows eviction of the corroding mortar joints and then replacing them with new and polished mortar.

The need for repointing generates from a couple of reasons:

  • Inappropriate construction
  • Moisture or water

The essential aspect of repointing is the match between the compatible types of the materials of masonry. Always hire a professional installer to place your chimney. Otherwise, you will end up in spending unnecessarily.

Staining:

It occurs due to several reasons:

  • Minerals
  • Exposure to water
  • Humidity
  • Sunlight

Stains also affect the price of the total house when the owners try to sell it.

Give a call to the professional chimney sweeps to efficiently clean the chimney and give back the original hue.

You can opt for brick re-facing.

Restoration:

While restoring the chimney, one must pay attention to the details and the workmanship of the original masonry chimney. The proficient restoration makes the chimney’s structural integrity strong. A fine restoration makes the chimney look authentic and natural.

Restoration is required due to certain reasons:

Suppose your masonry chimney has got cracks after a few years due to the harsh weather and climate. Repair them as quickly as possible to get rid of the leaks. Take special care of the damaged crown. Bricks will be durable with accurate care and maintenance.

The weather and the moisture can take a heavy toll on the mortar joints and the bricks. The professional chimney workers can accomplish the correct choice of the brickwork giving importance to the original design’s coherence.

Always go for the CSIA certified chimney experts.

Whenever the maintenance of the masonry chimney comes into the scene, remember Benjamin Franklin’s saying “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”

The Chimney Safety Institute advice for the regular chimney inspection and annual cleaning of the whole fireplace. You can take help of the “Do-It-Yourself” basic daily cleaning and maintaining tips from the websites. It’s better to check the chimney once before the winter when your fireplace is not in use and once after the winter for removal of the soot, dirt, creosote, leaves, etc. that has accumulated inside the flue line, burner, chimney top, etc. The experienced chimney professional will guide you on how to take care and notice any disputes. Follow their suggestions carefully.

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